Difference between NITI Aayog and Planning Commission
NITI Aayog – To be an advisory body, or a think-tank. The powers to allocate fund vested in the finance ministry.
Planning Commission – Enjoyed the powers to allocate funds to ministries and state governments
NITI Aayog – Two full-time members.
Planning Commission – had eight full-time members
NITI Aayog – Includes the Chief Ministers of all States and the Lieutenant Governors of all Union territories in its Governing Council, devolving more power to the States of the Union.
Planning Commission – States' role was limited to the National Development Council and annual interaction during Plan meetings
NITI Aayog – To be known as the CEO and to be appointed by the prime minister
Planning Commission – Secretaries or member secretaries were appointed through the usual process
NITI Aayog – To have a number of part-time members, depending on the need from time to time
Planning Commission – Full Planning Commission had no provision for part-time members
Niti Aayog – Governing Council has state chief ministers and lieutenant governors.
Planning Commission- The commission reported to National Development Council that had state chief ministers and lieutenant governors.
Niti Aayog – New posts of CEO, of secretary rank, and Vice-Chairperson. Will also have two full-time members and part-time members as per need. Four cabinet ministers will serve as ex-officio members.
Planning Commission – Had deputy chairperson, a member secretary and full-time members.
Niti Aayog- Consulting states while making policy and deciding on funds allocation. Final policy would be a result of that.
Planning Commission- Policy was formed by the commission and states were then consulted about allocation of funds.
Niti Aayog- No power to allocate funds
Planning Commission- Had power to decide allocation of government funds for various programs at national and state levels.
Niti Aayog- NITI is a think-tank and does not have the power to impose policies.
Planning Commission- Imposed policies on states and tied allocation of funds with projects it approve